Cicero and the Stability of States

Author: Marquez, Xavier
Title: Cicero and the Stability of States
Review/Collection: "History of Political Thought", Volume 32, Number 3,
Year edition: 2011
Pages: 397-423
Keywords: Héritage - Fortuna - Legacy, Philosophie - Filosofia - Philosophy, Politique - Politica - Politics
Description: Abstract : Cicero’s views on the mixed constitution as a device for ensuring the stability of states have typically been considered derivative at best. The article argues for the originality and interest of Cicero’s views on this topic. After a survey of ancient ideas on the mixed constitution, it shows how Cicero creatively adapted these ideas to analyse the Roman situation of his time. His version of the theory of the mixed constitution is notable for two innovations: an argument that stability is possible even under conditions of high inequality, and an account of constitutional mixture that emphasizes the role of the `monarchic’ element in promoting concord and stability and meeting unexpected challenges.
Author initials: Marquez 2011