Towards a Definition of Sapientia, Philosophy in Cicero’s Pro Marcello

Auteur: Volk, Katharina
Titre: Towards a Definition of Sapientia, Philosophy in Cicero’s Pro Marcello
Revue/Collection: In : Gilbert, Nathan & Graver, Margaret & McConnell, Sean (eds.), Power and Persuasion in Cicero's Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. 320 pp.
Lieu èdition: New York
Éditeur: Cambridge University Press
Annèe edition: 2023
Pages: 205-217
Mots-clès: Éloquence - Eloquenza - Eloquence, Philosophie - Filosofia - Philosophy, Rhétorique - Retorica - Rhetorics
Description: This chapter examines Cicero’s Pro Marcello of 46 BCE, a speech of thanksgiving to Julius Caesar for pardoning his civil-war for M. Claudius Marcellus. I argue that Cicero cleverly uses philosophical arguments to, as it were, entrap Caesar into working towards the restoration of the Republic. Philosophical wisdom is a leitmotif of the speech, and Caesar in particular is called sapiens or associated with sapientia nine times. The basic argument that underlies Pro Marcello, without ever being made explicit, is the following syllogism: The wise man will act virtuously. Caesar is a wise man. Therefore, Caesar will act virtuously. In defining what acting virtuously would mean for his addressee, Cicero argues vigorously against Caesar’s own statement that he had already ‘lived enough for either nature or glory’ (satis diu uel naturae uixi uel gloriae, 25), painting the dictator as an Epicurean whose wrong ideas about both virtue and glory the orator seeks to combat. [Author]
Sigle auteur: Volk 2023