Legal procedure in Cicero’s time

Author: Lintott, Andrew W.
Title: Legal procedure in Cicero’s time
Review/Collection: in: Cicero the advocate / ed. by Jonathan G. F. Powell and Jeremy Paterson, X, 448
Place edition: Oxford & New York
Editor: Oxford University Pr.
Year edition: 2004
Pages: 61-78
Keywords: Droit - Diritto - Law

Corbeill, “American Journal of Philology”, 2006, 127, (1), 144-149 – May, “Classical Review”, 2006, NS, 56, (1), 98-100

Description: Cicero's legal cases ranged from treason, murder, and ‘public violence’ to disputes about property and debt. Modern Western systems of justice differentiate criminal law from civil law in a number of ways. First, the source of the prosecution: in criminal law now a representative of the state prosecutes, in civil law the injured party or someone representing them; correspondingly, in criminal cases judgement is given in favour of the state, if the prosecution succeeds, and for the most part the penalty is paid to the state, while in civil law (leaving aside matters like costs and contempt of court) the judgement is in favour of the plaintiff in the form of compensation. Furthermore, different courts and different procedure are used for the two types of case. This chapter discusses legal procedure in ancient Rome, public law and private law, prosecutors and the location of courts, civil procedure, and criminal procedure [Editor].[Powell & Paterson 2004]
Author initials: Lintott 2004